District at a glance
The main mountains of Hazaribag are Chandwara and Jillinja and their heights are about 2816 and 3057 ft respectively. The main rivers of this district are Damodar and Barakar. About 45% area of this district is forest area. The forest area of this district is full of medicinal plants and trees. Due to negligence and lack of awareness they are on the verge of extinct. Leopards, bears, jackals and foxes etc. freely move in these forests. In the winter season several foreign birds visit these forests areas.
Due to surroundings of mountains and forests this area has been known as Jharkhand from the ancient time. This area is the native place of tribal people. At the time of Mahabharata, King Jarasandh of Magadh Region ruled this area. Later on King Mahapadmanand Ugrasen defeated Jarasandh and occupied this area.
This area is very important from the religious point of view. People from different areas visit the religious, historical and archaeological places of this district. The 23rd Tirthankara Parasnath met his holy end here. In his memory there is a temple on the top of Parasnath Mountain. Presently it is in Giridih district. After the end of the ‘Gupta’ dynasty in 5th A.D. a State named Chotanagpur was established. King Phanimukta was its first ruler. At the time of Mughal Empire, King Akbar sent a troop under the leadership of Shahbaj Khan to defeat the local ruler of this region.
This district also played a leading role in Freedom Movement. In 1857 Ramgarh Battalion revolted against the English rule. The Non Co-Operation Movement of 1920 moved the sentiments of local people tremendously. Mahatma Gandhi also visited this area in 1925.
There are several ores and minerals in the naturally rich and beautiful district of Hazaribag. Mica and Coal are the main minerals. These minerals are very important from industrial point of view. China clay and limestone are also found in this district.
Most parts of this district are full of forests and stones. The cultivable land can be divided into two parts namely – Upper land and Lower land. The lands situated on the banks of rivers are fertile. One can get good crop even after using lesser amount of fertilizers in these lands. But the upper land is barren. A huge amount of fertilizers and irrigation is required for cultivation in these lands. Rabi and Kharif crops are generally sown here.
Irrigation facility is not adequate in this district due to hilly area. There are small natural rivulets, which are generally used for irrigation. There is no other natural source of irrigation. After independence government has tried and is still trying to solve the problem of irrigation. For irrigation wells and pump sets are used. Damodar Valley Project is also meant for irrigation in this area but these measures are not sufficient. Generally the farmers depend on rain for their cultivation. When there is scarcity of rain, people of this area usually face the problem of drinking water.
Due to mountains, forests, hills, rivers and valleys etc. the communication by road and rails are tedious and tiresome in this district. Much time is consumed for the travel. People of this area live in fear and terror due to extremist activities. Administration is trying its best to cope with this problem.
- Air route: The airways are a great option for reaching Hazaribagh. But to reach here via the air, you have to reach Ranchi Airport first. The distance from Ranchi to
Hazaribagh is 91 km, which can be settled in buses or private vehicles for one and a half hours.
- Railways: Tourists can easily reach Hazaribagh by Ranchi-Varanasi Express, Muri Express and Shaktipunj Express. All the trains pass through Hazaribagh Road Railway Station. At present, Hazaribagh itself has become a railway station, which is connected to the Koderma rail line. Koderma itself is a station located on Howrah-Delhi rail line. Therefore, here is not difficult for Delhi, Kolkata. In the coming days, the Hazaribagh railway line will be contacted by the Railway Junction. This will also connect Ranchi and ,, Bhubaneswar and other cities of the south.
- Roadways: It is easy to reach Hazaribagh by road too. National Highway 33 by buses and taxis can easily be reached from here. It is connected to GT Road through NH-100, NH-33. NH-100 from Chata, NH-33 from Jamshedpur, Ranchi can be reached here. Hazaribagh can be reached in half an hour from the state capital Ranchi. Due to the four-lane road, the enjoyment of the journey and time has increased.The jungle increases the joy of travel due to passing through the valleys. A glimpse of tribal culture is also seen in many places by road.
- Bus Services: There is a bus station at Hazaribagh where direct buses for major cities like Ranchi, Kolkata, Dhanbad, Patna Jamshedpur,Deogarh,Gaya etc are available at all times.
Vinova Bhave University established for the Northern Chota Nagpur region. The cold climate and the calm atmosphere of Hazaribagh have attracted academics to establish institutions in the city and now it has become education hub of Jharkhand. The Dublin Mission has a large presence with educational institutions and a women’s hospital. Activities of the mission were started in 1899 under the auspices of Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland in Hazaribagh. St Colemba College was one of the oldest in Bihar. For a number of years the college affiliate of Toronto was a story in his lifetime. Later he became the Vice Chancellor of Ranchi University. Other key persons associated with the college, Dr. S.C. Banwar, Dr. J. S. Prof. Gautam Kumar Pandey who worked on various posts, including Shaw and Principal. Hazaribagh is now named Vinoba Bhave University within the city limits named after St. Vinoba Bhave. It is the 2nd largest university in Jharkhand. Medical colleges of St. Columba’s College, Dhanbad and several engineering and local colleges are now affiliated to this university. Generic Institute of Technology, Hazaribagh Polytechnic, is one of the leading colleges for management and IT.
Mount Carmel – After independence, Roman Catholic established a girls’ school. 1952 DAV Public School established St. Xavier’s School in Hazaribagh This parallel to the Reverend Father John Moore, an Australian Jesuit missionary, started in 1992 and is run by D.E. 0 College Management Committee (New Delhi), one of the city’s There is another major education center. The school has made a lot of progress in the last 20 years and is a modern state of the art building situated on the foothills of famous Kanheri Hill. Ashok Srivastava (Principal) has been one of the pioneers in taking this school at this level. Mount Egmount School is one of the best boarding schools in the field. National Public School, Hazaribagh This is done by Al KC Memorial Education Society, a fast growing school has started since 1977 and is now affiliated with CBSE. Mount Lietera Zee School and Kidji, Hazaribagh are also a fast growing school of the region. It is located near Meeru Hazaribagh and Mission Hospital Hospital, in the opposite direction of the firing range.
Hazaribagh is the police training center for the whole of Jharkhand. Border Security Force (BSF) also has a big presence. East India’s largest training center is here in the jungle with mountainous terrain. Central Reserve Police Force is also present in the city near the lake.